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therapy_iconTherapeutic Models

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT diagram

One commonly used evidence-based therapy for depression and anxiety is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT). CBT aims to help individuals learn to understand how their thinking and behaviours affect their mood. Together with the psychologist, the client learns to identify their distorted thinking patterns and ways to think in a less negative (and more ‘realistic’) way about life and themselves. They will also learn of ways to adapt their actions so as to overcome the difficulties faced.

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a mindfulness-based therapy, and is characterised by focusing not on changing or getting rid of undesirable thoughts, but on accepting that unpleasant thoughts are part of who we are, and letting our thoughts come and go as they please. In this way, psychological symptoms are alleviated as a by-product. The client learns to detach themselves from their thoughts, and not hold on to them as they may have done in the past.


The ‘commitment’ segment of ACT is based around the longer-term focus of ACT, which is to live a meaningful, fulfilling and valuable life, through commitment to goals and action.